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Notes on the 1st GNU\Linux course At Alex

DarKnesS_WolF's picture

Sunday 13/02/2005

Notes

It was given by our good talker member Ahmed El-Makawy AKA Linuxawy and it was good start. The pepole liked the idea of learning something new like GNU/Linux...

Who We Are:

  • what is eglug
    • who we are ?
    • who are the pepole that will give the course
    • it`s totally Volunteer work from Eglug
    • it`s totally Volunteer work from Life Makers Alex

Background:

  • History of GNU/Linux
    • When and why Unix have been coded.
    • when and where BSD have been coded.
    • GNU' Not Unix and Richard Stallman.
    • Linus and the kernel
  • 4 Freedoms
  • GPL
  • Why Linux
    • Security
    • Open Source.
    • No worms ,no crashes and no more blue screen of death.
    • Almost no price.
    • True multiuser system.
  • What Linux Consistes Of
    • Kernel
    • X server
    • GNU tools
    • GNU Development tools
    • Desktop
  • What is Mount points
    • Linux single Tree system
    • /mnt
    • why mount?
  • Hardware problems
    • Winmodems problem.
  • How to get help
    • distro. docs.
    • Google.com/linux
    • eglug.org
    • Eglug Channel @ irc.freenode.net

  • Alex Life Makers Team Burnt 10 copies Of Mandrake Linux 10.1 Official (3CDs) And Give It To The Attendees For Free.
  • Every Attendee Had To Pay 20 Egyption Pound For The Full Course (10 Hours) As A Rent Of The Pcs To The Education Center.

Tuesday 15/02/2005

Notes

Today it was about Mandrakelinux Installation , given by Sherif Nagy AKA DarKnesS_WolF Don`t know if it was good enough or no...

Installation BackGround:

  • How to boot from the cdrom
  • what are the basic concepts of installing any oprating system:
    • Partitioning.
    • Hardware Detection.
    • Locale Selection ( Keyboard / Time / Location ).
    • Package Selection.
    • Boot Loader.

The Installation:

  • what F1 do
    • low resolution installation.
    • text mode installation.
  • How to add arabic keyboard and change Arabic To / From English.
  • Security Levels.
  • Partitioning:
    • Get the harddisk ready for Installation under windows by deleting one partition from windows.
    • Use resizing tool if u have one partition.
    • What are the 4 choices:
      • Use Free Space.
      • Erase Entire Disk.
      • Use The Free Space Of The Windows Partition.
      • Custom Disk Partitioning.
    • using Ext3
    • using custom partitioning
      • /
      • Swap
      • /home
  • what is / and what / has inside.
    • / is a directory and physical driver in the harddisk.
    • why we can have seperate /home.
    • quick look at / and what's inside it ( should be explained at another time but people asked )
  • Package Selection:
    • what are workstation packages.
    • what are servers packages.
    • what is LSB.
    • what are GUIs packages.
  • Root User:
    • password should be hard and complex.
    • very important user.
    • root home directory is /root NOT /.
    • use no password when you are the only one using the computer, no internet connection and know what u r doing.
    • using advanced options when your network is using any authentication services.
  • Add users:
    • Accept user.
    • Add more than one user.
    • user auto login KDE.
  • Boot Loader
    • install it as MBR is the best for new users.
  • Hardware Configuration:
    • Country
    • Time
    • AutoDetect the sound card / mouse / printer /
    • Network wasn`t configured yet.
    • Graphical interface
      • Card Detected
      • Must test the options.
      • choose the resolution.
    • What are Services.
    • Firewall ( No Firewall )
  • no updates since no connection.
  • Last Screen
    • Advanced
      • Create Disk to install the same system u installed.
        • ask u for partitioning.
        • remove the whole harddisk.
      • save the package selection.
    • Reboot

  • TWO USERS DIDN`T COME ( ONE USER CAME 1ST CLASS , AND ONE EVEN DIDN`T CAME THE 1ST CLASS ) BUT THERE WAS A REPLACEMENT.
  • EGLUG PRINTED PAPER PAMPHLETS FOR ALL THE ATTENDEES ( PRINTED BY LINUXAWY , PHOTOCOPY BY LIFE MAKERS ALEX TEAM ).

Thursday 17/2/2005

Notes

Today's session was about desktop usage using KDE/GNOME, popular apps on Linux. It was given by Ahmed El Sherbiny AKA ShErbO. Hope it was good enough.

  • X structure
    • What is the X server ? What does it do ?
    • What is the DE ?
    • What is the windowmanager ?
  • KDE intro
    • Virtual Desktops concept
    • Control Center
    • Panel, etc....
  • Package Management intro
    • The concept of packages
    • The purpose of packages
    • Installing RPMs graphically
  • GNOME intro
    • Nautilus
    • Various apps...
  • Popular Apps
    • Office suites discussion
    • Graphics (GIMP)
    • Multimedia (xmms, eye of gnome, xine, gmplayer etc...)
    • IM (gaim)
    • Internet (mozilla, epiphany, konqueror)

Sunday 20/2/2005

Notes

Talker was Sherif Nagy AKA DarKnesS_WolF . we just finished the half of the mandrake control center.

Mandrake Control Center.

  • Boot Section:
    • Make auto login.
    • Modify the boot loader options.
    • Changing boot theme.
  • Hardware Section:
    • Hardware and how to view our hardware info.
    • Other devices unknown to Linux.
    • Reconfigure Xserver.
    • Add printer.
    • Add Scanner.
    • How to share printer and scanner.
    • Keyboard and Mouse.
  • Mount Points:
    • Partitioning and resize howto.
    • how the linux read the /dev/hda , /dev/hdb and /dev/hda1 .
    • NFS Mount Points.
    • Samba Mount Points, to get the shared from windows PCs.
    • webdev.
    • local disk sharing and how to share dirs. in ur computer.
  • Network Section:
    • Make new connection.
    • Manage connections.
    • remove old connection.
  • we can have more than one connection.
  • proxy setup.
  • internet sharing.
  • Security:
    • what is level and checks.
      • Users and Groups in short.
    • Permissions ( r , w , x )
    • Firewall, and why we use Advanced option.

  • WE STARTED LATE 40 MIN SOME COURSE BEFORE US MESSED THE TIME TABLE, ONLY 4 ATTENDEES AND ONLY ONE ATTENDEE SAID THAT HE IS ILL AND CAN`T COME.
  • PEOPLE WERE SO INTERESTED IN SCANNER SHARING.

Tuesday 22/2/2005

Notes

Today Sherif Nagy AKA DarKnesS_WolF talked about some command line and the rest of Mandrake Control Center.. and was the final session

Mandrake Control Center (ctd.)

  • system
    • Menus .. and system menu.
    • Display Manager.
    • Services
      • What services do.
      • dm service.
    • Fonts and how to install tahoma font.
    • Date and time
    • Logs and searching in the system logs.
    • Users and Groups
      • How to add new user
    • Backups
      • Why backup.
      • How to backup.
      • How to restore.
  • Software Mangement
    • Install
      • Search rpms by names and description.
      • View the groups of software.
    • Remove software.
    • Updates
    • Media Manager.
      • How to add all kinds of media.
    • Drakewizard
      • What is drakewizard. and what it`s can do.

Command Line

  • cd
  • cp
    • -rf and why.
  • rm ( same way as cp )
  • mv
  • less
  • cat
  • head / tail
    • pipping between head and tail.
  • ls
  • touch
  • mkdir
  • file
  • redirect command output to a file.

OFF COURSE

  • Explain how to create apache web server and postfix mail server using drakewizard tool.
  • Creating database using MySQL.

  • THATS WAS THE LAST SESSION.
  • NEXT COURSE WILL BE AFTER TWO WEEKS.
  • WE TALKED WITH LIFE MAKERS ALEX TEAM ABOUT THE BAD POINTS IN THE COURSE ( AS IT`S OUR 1ST TIME IN EDUCATION STUFF ) THEY SAID:
    • TAKE NOTES ( THAT WHAT WE WAS DOING BUT IN OUR HEAD ).
    • MY WRITING IS BAD ON THE BOARD AND NOT ORGINZED. ( CAN`T DO ANYTHING ABOUT IT SINCE ALREADY MY WRITING IS BAD ).
    • ONLY ONE TALKER PER CLASS ( CUZ SOMETIME ME AND LINUXAWY WERE TALKING INFRONT OF THE ATTENDEES {WIT\CH I GUESS IS OK IF HE CORRECTS ME OR I CORRECT HIM SO THE INFO DOESN`T GO IN THE WRONG WAY} ).
    • IN SOME STUFF I DON`T KNOW I SAID I DON`T KNOW . THEY WERE SAYING IT`S NO NEED TO SAY DON`T KNOW .. JUST SAY I`LL LOOK FOR IT OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT ( WE AGREED THAT AT THE 1ST OF THE COURSE WE WILL EXPLAIN WHAT THE COURSE COVERS ) SO NO QUESTION OUT THE COURSE AND IF THERE IS ANY IF WE KNOW WE ANSWER . IF WE DON`T WE GUIDE THEM TO HOW TO GET HELP AGAIN.
  • IT WAS SO FRIENDLY TALKING AND IT`S WAS GOOD SO WE DON`T FALL IN SAME MISTAKES AGAIN.

Comments

DarKnesS_WolF's picture

;)

i guess that is all , that is all i recall ... and next time installation wish me luck cuz i`ll talk about it i hope i don`t forget anything ;)

if i forget anything Linuxawy and sherbo feel free to edit the page

peace


Live Free Or Die...

Manal's picture

Good Job

Well done guys :-)

when is the next class/session?


DarKnesS_WolF's picture

2 days

it`s should be el7ad ( today ) eltalat .. el7`ames .. el7ad again and it`s done

peace


Live Free Or Die...

ezabi's picture

Great job from the Alex gang,

Keep us posted with the latest updates, these can serve as extra guidelines for similar projects with other bodies.

ShErbO's picture

Tuesday

Next session will be held on Tuesday isa, DW will do the Mandrake installation in details + (??) dunno exactly what..

Try to keep it simple ya Sherif ;)

Manal's picture

+ desktop usage?

May be after u finish the installation u can show them that in Linux we have allternative desktop environments: KDE, Gnome, etc.

also the concept of virtual desktops needs to be explained

the mandrake menu has the applications clasified according to their tasks (office apps, internet apps --> web browsers, etc.) not according to vendors as in Window$ ( Adobe, Netscape, etc.)


DarKnesS_WolF's picture

thx for notes :)

ya sure we will do that should be next day installtion the day after is KDE/GNOME and the common APPS the day after Mandrake control center and some command line and last 2 hours any question thay want to ask will be answer insh2allha ;)

peace


Live Free Or Die...

ezabi's picture

I believe you should keep str

I believe you should keep stressing on the independence and freedom issue all along, they'll be much for this idea, it will gain good ground I know that.

mina_linux_Tux's picture

There is no a development basics start ?

I asked to share in this course as if you see me as an Eglug's alex member and no comment . ? why ? again i say i'm here for an introduction to development course


Mina Ramses F.
email: [email protected]
email: [email protected]
email: [email protected]
Computer society IEEE Org.


linux user:31

ShErbO's picture

No users to begin with !!

mina_linux_tux sure you're a member & you're all welcome to join us in all activites, but how come we do a development course, when no one in Alex uses linux at the first place ?!?! I think it's just not reasonable.

Anyway, if you have the audience then why not !

maslan's picture

there r some i don't have an

there r some i don't have any versoin of windows but i sometimes run it on bochs and sometimes on qemu which is really better than bochs and BTW i've created a win98 live cd to use when i need to test some apps or so.

phaeronix's picture

win98 livecd?

If this is not based on a linux core, then you are smoking crack.

DarKnesS_WolF's picture

OFF TOPIC

OFF TOPIC

peace


Live Free Or Die...

aih el kalam el gamed da

ya rab ykon fi kida fi CAIRO fi el sakia 3aizin 7ad yshra7 :(

Conceptor's picture

For sure.

We will have courses at el sakia . and it will be announced soon . so try to connect to el sakia and ask about booking.

the GNU/Linux beginners courses is so similar in content . and I think Cairo volunteers have experience to give you proper courses.

If you are interested call el Sakia.

Diaa Radwan

Conceptor's picture

Welcome to free world..

Start this topic on a new forum thread so other members could collaborate with you and share the ideas under the same topic.

It is not hard to start Gnu/linux in port said or else unfortunate cities.

  • I think life makers port said could attend courses at el sakia and then they will be the makers of courses at port said.
  • they could attend courses at near place I think there will be courses at Zagazig soon.
  • at summer may some Cairo volunteers spend some GNU/linux-EGLUG time at port said :).

Diaa Radwan

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