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Random useless Linux tips

List of random tips

They can be distro specific, unspecific, cryptic, easy to read. It doesn't matter. Instead of scribbling your tips on a personal file, dump them here.

  • To find more info about the USE flags of package X: emerge gentoolkit && equery uses X
  • Find info about any media file : emerge mplayer add to ~/.bashrc : idmedia(){ mplayer -identify -frames 0 -ao null -vo null -vc dummy "[email protected]" 2>/dev/null | grep ID_ } ID_AUDIO_ID=0 ID_FILENAME=/media/mp3/Mortal love - All the beauty - 07 - I want to die.mp3 ID_AUDIO_CODEC=mp3 ID_AUDIO_FORMAT=85 ID_AUDIO_BITRATE=192000 ID_AUDIO_RATE=44100 ID_AUDIO_NCH=2 ID_LENGTH=591
    • Burn encrypted CDs with dm-crypt : cat some.iso | aespipe -H sha256 -e aes256 > some-encrypted.iso burn it with cdrecord (or losetup /dev/loop0 some-encrypted.iso) cryptsetup -c aes -s 256 -h sha256 create cdrom /dev/loop0 Password: (the password you used with aespipe) mount /dev/mapper/cdrom /mnt/cdrom and voila! of course you need device-mapper, dm-crypt target in the kernel, aes in cryptography.
      • Made a livecd or downloaded one and want to give it a testdrive before you burn it on CD(s)? USE=softemu emerge qemu qemu -cdrom /path/to/my.iso -boot d
        • Testing your all 1337 new kernel and don't want to actually boot with it so it wouldn't sleep with your girlfriend and kill your cats? USE=softemu emerge qemu qemu -kernel /bath/to/bzImage -initrd /path/to/initrd -append "kernel cmdline" -hda /dev/hda -snapshot

          Where :

          • kernel is the path to the kernel you want to try
          • initrd is the path to the initrd the kernel gonna use (optional)
          • append is the cmdline to pass to the kernel (ex : elevator=cfq video=vesafb:mtrr,ywrap,[email protected] rootflags=nopseudo rootfstype=reiser4 rw) (optional)
          • hda/-hdb/-hdc/-hdd are either actual devices so the kernel can use or images
          • snapshot so any modifications done to the harddisk(s) wont be saved.

          If you are using linkdotnet's 07770777 and wvdial. Add this line to wvdial.conf

          to add more virtual desktops in xfwm press ALT+INS to remove press ALT+DEL

          If for no reason you can't sync your PDA try changing permissions of the serial device chmod 666 /dev/ttyUSB1

          How to make your linux installation autologin without gdm or kdm. (xdm doesn't allow this)

          1. First read man inittab
          2. edit /etc/inittab and change this line
          1:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty tty1


          1:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty --autologin username tty1

          3. Well naturally you should now put in ~/.bash_profile the startx command. This would work but if you are logging in through a remote shell (ssh, etc.) the startx command with be issued, which is not what we want. Add the following lines in ~/.bash_profile so it issues the startx command only when logging in takes place from the console.

          if ["`tty`" = "/dev/console" -o "`tty`" = "/dev/vc/1"]
          1. init q
          2. reboot


YoussefAssad's picture

First one is cool. -- Pan

First one is cool.


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